Managing EAB on your property

Do you have ash trees on your property?

The first step is to determine if you have ash trees on your property and then decide which ash trees you would like to protect or remove.

Decide on treatment or removal


Ash trees can be protected with a chemical insecticide treatment. Treatment can happen as a preventative measure before trees are infested with EAB or if the infestation is caught in the early stage, affecting 30 percent or less of the canopy. 

Image of ash trees with varying percentages of dieback

By the time ash trees show the signs and symptoms of EAB such as woodpecker activity, bark splits and crown dieback, treatment may not be an effective option. Trees showing more than 30 percent crown decline are not good candidates for treatment. Consider treating ash trees that are larger than 10” in diameter and in good physical condition.

Image of ash tree trunk bottom with injection treatment set up

Treatments are injected at the base of the trunk and trees must be re-treated every two years. The cost is based on the size of the tree to be treated and the overall number of trees being treated on the property. This is an ongoing cost, and research has indicated you can protect a tree for 20 years for the cost to remove and replace an ash tree.

The City of Farmington has a Discounted EAB Injection Program which provides a reduced, pre-negotiated rate to residents to treat private property ash trees by a city contractor.  
Other tree companies can help protect your ash trees. Be sure they are a licensed pesticide applicator. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture tree care company checklist can help you determine the best tree care company for you.

If you opt to treat the trees yourself, be aware that the available chemical treatments at homeowner and garden centers are not concentrated enough to protect an ash tree with a diameter greater than 15” (48” circumference) and are not as effective when EAB populations are high like they are currently in Farmington. Soil-applied insecticides can get taken up by nearby flowering plants and kill pollinators. In addition, soil applied treatments should not be used within twenty-five feet of a storm drain or water resource such as a wetland, creek or lake.


Ash trees that are not treated die from EAB. Consider removing ash trees that are smaller than 12” in diameter, which are in poor physical condition, or showing signs of EAB. Removing trees can be done preemptively or after a tree is infested. However, EAB infested ash trees become brittle and hazardous, which increases the cost of removal. Ash trees that are showing signs and symptoms of infestation and cannot be saved by injections should be removed before they become hazardous. Please refer to our Natural Resources FAQ page on what to ask for when hiring an arborist or tree company.

Image of multiple dead ash along a street
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